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RE: Surname Story - Ancestral Liu's Dragonburger
Dear Mr LIU,
Thank you for sharing your genealogy with us.
It is very interesting. Surname Liu is the fourth most popular
surname in the Chinese race. There is a book entilted
"Yan Huang Bai Jia Tong Su Yan Yi "炎黃百家通俗演義" volumn one.
The pages in this book from 547 to 627 are all about the story of
surname LIU. The authors are:
Yuan Pu 元浦; Li Zhen 李鎮 and Zhao Cheng Xiao 趙成孝
Here is my version and it is only up to the establishment
of surname LIU. My next task is to trace all the surnames
from ancient time to the 1990s if time permits.
No. 4 LIU (劉)
Liu means : a Chinese surname.
Surname Liu is more than 3000 years old.
The Surname Liu originated in an area referred to during the Han (漢)
Dynasty (206BC to 220AD) as the Peng Cheng (彭城) Prefecture. The
present day location of Peng Cheng Prefecture is in Tong Shan (銅山)
county of Jiangsu (江蘇 province.
Yao Di (堯帝), who lived about 4400 years ago, was the legendary chief
of the federated tribes in ancient China. Legend says that around 1880BC
a descendant of Yao Di fathered an attractive baby boy with two words
Liu Lei (劉累) written into his palm. His parents named him after these
two words. People said that when Liu Lei grew up he knew how to tame the
dragons. Liu Lei could ride on the back of any flying dragon. Legends
also say that Liu Lei was appointed by King Kong Jia (孔甲王) to look after
his our dragons. King Kong Jia was the thirteenth King of the Xia
Dynasty (夏 2205BC to 1766BC) and personally reigned from 1879BC to 1847BC .
Soon after being employed as King Kong Jia's dragon-keeper,
one of the dragons became ill and died. Liu Lei did not tell the King
about the dragons death; instead he cooked the meat of the dead dragon
for the King to eat. After the meal King Kong Jia said that it was
delicious and rewarded Liu Lei with some gifts. King Kong Jia wanted
to watch some acrobatic shows performed by the dragons. In order to
prevent King Kong Jia from finding out about the death of one of his
dragons, Liu Lei only allowed two dragons to perform at a time. The 2
dragon performance had been going on for quite some time, and King Kong
Jia thought that it could fantastic if the show was performed by his four
dragons. The King wanted his four dragons to perform together, but Liu
Lei ignored the King's wish and continued to use two dragons to perform
the shows. King Kong Jia became suspicious about his dragons and wanted
to query Liu Lei. Knowing that he could not trick the King any more and
that sooner or later the King would find out about the death of one of
the dragons, Liu Lei took his family and fled to Lu (魯) county
(present day Lu Shan 魯山 county in Henan 河南 province). After Liu
Lei's death his descendants adopted LIU as their surname.
During the reign of Zhou dynasty (周 1134BC to 256BC) King Xuan (周宣 王
reigned from 827BC to 782BC), a descendant of Liu Lei called Xi Shu
(隰叔) went to lived in the State of Jin (晉 present day Yi Cheng 翼城
county in Shanxi 山西 province). Jin Mu Hou (晉穆侯), the ruler of Jin,
appointed Xi Shu as a Shi Shi (士師) or a teacher to the Jin Court. Xi
Shu adopted SHI as his surname. By the time of Shi Xi Shu's
great-grandson Shi Hui (士 會) the Shi family had gained considerable
influence in the Jin court.
Jin Xiang Hou (晉襄 侯), the ruler of the State of Jin from 627BC, died
in 621BC. Shi Hui was ordered by the Jin Court to go to the State of Qin
(秦 in present day Feng Xiang 鳳翔 county in Shaanxi 陜西 province) to
fetch prince Yong (雍), the younger brother of Jin Xiang Hou to be
installed as the new ruler of Jin. However, on the way back to Jin, they
were blocked by the Jin troops from returning home, due to the fact that
the elder son of Jin Xiang Hou, had been installed as King. Shi Hui and
Yong decided returned to Qin. Shi Hui stayed in Qin permenantly and
reverted to his ancestors surname Liu. Shi Hui now was known as Liu Hui
and he surnamed his children LIU.
CHUNG Yoon-Ngan email@example.com
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