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Pescadores or Fishermen's Islands
Pescadores, the Portuguese called it Fishermen's Islands, is
Peng Hu Lei Dao in Chinese.
Pescadores and Taiwan Islands were ceded to Japan by the Qing
Government after Japan had defeated China in the Sino-Japanese War in
1894-95. In 1945 they were restored to China in accordance with the Cairo
Declaration after the Japanese lost the Second World War.
During and before the signing of the Cairo Declaration Jiang Jie-Shek
and the whole of Chinese delegation forgot about Pescadores which was not
included in the Declaration. Fortunately there was a Naval Officer by the
name of Yang Xuan-Cheng who reminded Jiang Jie-Shek that Pescadores should
be included in the Declaration lest it would belong to Japan. Jiang
Jie-Shek, who had never heard of Pescadores before, made sure that the
name of Pescadores was written in the Declaration before he signed it.
Thanks to Naval Officer Yang.
In the 1947 the Department of Tobacco and Liqour in Taiwan produced a
brand of cigarette called "Happy Garden" with a map of Taiwan Island
without Pescadores on the cigarette packet. Pescadores residents were
very angry and they petitioned to Jiang Jie-Shek that they wanted to be
part of China.
CHUNG Yoon-Ngan. email@example.com