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Hakka Language and Population Profile Summary
The total Hakka population in the world is estimated to be from 45
million to 60 millions. The single largest concentration of the Hakkas
is in Mei-Zhou City area(East Kwangtung), about 4.5 million people.
(Xin Hua News Agency GuangZhou 1994 December 6)
Hakka spoken language is one of the five major spoken languages in
mainland China with the following breakdown:
Manchurian-based Mandarin 650 million
Wu 70 million
Cantonese 47 million
Hoklo 39 million
Hakka 37 million
(Journal of Asia and African Studies, No. 24, 1982)
Hakka spoken language is 32nd widest spoken language in the world.
According to Lo Hsiang-lin's An introduction to the Study of the
Hakkas in Its Ethinic, Historical, and Cultural Aspects.(1933), there are
32 pure-Hakka speaking counties, and 95 Hakka-speaking counties
spread out in Kwangtung, Fukien, JiangSi, KwangSi, Szechuan,
Hunan and Taiwan.
According to Hashimoto A.Y.'s The Hakka Dialect(1973), there are
15 pure-Hakka speaking counties in Kwangtung, 8 in Fukien and 10 in
JiangSi. In addition to the above, there are 149 Hakka speaking
counties in places mentioned above plus KeiChow, and SiKang's
Hui4 Li3 county.
The Hakkas in Taiwan are concentrated in the North West to
Central West Taiwan. MiaoLi, ShinChu, are major concentration
In the South Taiwan, PingTung area has significant Hakka
presence as well. There are about 3 million Hakkas in Taiwan.
Majority of the Hakkas there are of Kwangtung origin, some are of
There are 1.3 million Hakkas in Malaysia, about 20% of the Chinese
population in Malaysia, or 1/12 of Malaysian populaton.(Source:
Federation of Hakka Association of Malaysia).
In East Malaysia, majority of the Hans are Hakkas contrasting with
West Malaysia, the dominant Hans are Hoklo and Cantonese.
There are about 6 million Hans in Malaysia.
Some Hakkas' ancestor registry
In Taiwan, both Lee Teng-Hui and Wu Po-Shiung are Hakkas of
Fukien Yong Ting ancestor registry.
In mainland China, Sun Yat-Sen is of Kwangtung CheeChin,
Deng Xiao-Ping is of Szechuan Kuang An.
In Singapore, Lee Kwan-Yew is of Kwangtung Tai Pu and Goh
Chuk-Tong is of Kwangtung Moi Yen.