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Re: Northerners moved towards the South
>When did the Zhang Clan move into Fujien and Guangdong,
>was it the 2rd wave or did we move in during the Sung Dynasty.
Judge by yourself the following:
In the 36th year reign (1260AD) of Emperor Li Zong of Southern
Song Dynasty, Kublai Khan ascended to the throne as the Mongolian
Emperor of China. With full authority, as far as China was concerned,
Kublai Khan mobilized the Mongolian forces to attack Southern Song.
In 1268AD Kublai Khan besieged Xiang Yang (in Hubei province) for
five years. After the fall of Xiang Yang in 1273AD the Mongols swept
southwards and overran the Southern Song capital of Lin An in Heng
county in Zhejiang province in 1276AD and captured the newly installed
Emperor Rui Zong who was sent to the north and was dispatched of later.
ZHANG Shi-Jie, Lu Xiu-Fu and other ministers of the Song Court
installed Shi as the new Emperor and they continued to flee south
along the coast of Fujian and Guangdong provinces. The Mongols were
in hot pursuit. The Song Court landed in an island in Wu Chuan county
in Guangdong where Emperor Shi and ZHANG Shi-Jie and many others were
killed by Pu Shou-Geng, a foreign shipping magnate, who, late,
surrendered to the Mongols. As the Mongols had no navy the ships
belonging to Pu Shou-Geng played a very important part in destroying
the Song Dynasty.
Lu Xiu-Fu and other ministers invested Bing, the younger brother of
Emperor Shi, an eight years old boy, as the new ruler. They fled
through Fuzhou and Quianzhou in Fujian province to Meizhou (Meixian),
Chaozhou, Xiushan (Humen town in Dongguan district), Huizhou and
finally in 1278AD they arrived at Yashan near Xin Hui county at the
coastal province of Guangdong. The remaining members of the Song
Court, the Song army and civilians numbered about a quarter million.
They set up their Court on the boats because they had no land of
Wen Tian-Xiang, the last Prime Minister of Song Dynasty was
retreating and resisting the Mongols from Jiangxi province to Fujian
province and later to Guangdong province where he captured by the
Mongolian troops at Lufeng. He was sent back to Da Du (present day
Beijing city in Hebei province) where he was executed.
A year later in 1279AD the Mongols finally caught up with the Song
Court.In front of them lay the deep waters of the South China Sea and
behind them stood the Mongolian armies. Quite literally, the Song Court
was between the devil and the deep blue sea.
Lu Xiu-Fu, carrying the young Emperor Bing on his back walked right
into the sea. Both of them were drowned. That was the end of the Song
Dynasty which had existed for 320 years.
Your ancestor ZHANG Shi-Jie served the Song Court well. I am sure
many of the Song Court supporters were with this fabulous surname