[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]
Re: Lan Fang Republic (present West Kalumantan)
I could not find the Republic of Lan Fang in my books.
Besides Zheng4 Zhao, who was born in Cheng2 Hai4 town, a Hakka town, in
Guangdong province, founded the Kingdom of Siam in 1876, there were three
Republics in Borneo Island and one in the Malay Peninsular founded by
Overseas Chinese who amounted to about 2 million in Southeast Asia by the
turn of 19th century.
(1) Luo2 Fang Bo2, a Hakka descent?, born in Guangdong province,
founded the Fang Bo2 Republic in the westernmost of Borneo Island
at the beginning of 19th century. He proclaimed himself the President
of the Republic of Fang Bo2. After his death the Presidency was
elected by Chinese descents only and the natives were excluded.
This Republic was subjucated by the Dutch at the end of 19th century.
(2) Wu2 Yuan2 Sheng4, a Hakka descent?, born in Guangding province,
established a Kingdom called Dai4 Yan4 in North Borneo at about
the time as Luo2 Fang Bo2 founded the Republic of Fang Bo2.
Wu2 Yuan3 Sheng4 crowned himself as the King of Dai4 Yan4. The
kingship was inheritable. After his death his offspring continued
to rule the Kingdom for over 100 years until the Dutch destroyed it
at the end of 19th century.
(3) A Teochew man named Zhang Jie2 Xu4 setup a Kingdom without a name in
the island of Natuna (present day Bunguran Island in South China
Sea between the island of Borneo and West Malysia) in the later
half of 19th century. An internal struggled for power destroyed the
Kingdom after the death of Zhang Jie2 Xu4
(4) At the end of 19th century, Wu2 Yang2, a Hokkien, founded a Kingdom
somewhere in the present State of Johore, Malaysia. Before the name of
this Kingdom was fixed it was destroyed by the British Eastern