Author: CHUNG Yoon Ngan
Date: 08-01-11 11:30
Against the First Encirclement
Written in spring 1931
萬木霜天紅爛漫---Wan4 mu4 shuang tian hong2 lan4 man4,
天兵怒氣衝宵漢.---Tian bing nu4 qi3 chong4 xiao han4.
霧滿龍岡千嶂暗.---Wu4 man3 long2 gang qian zhang an4.
齊聲喚:-----------------Qi2 sheng huan4:
前頭捉了張輝讚.---Qian2 tou2 zhuo le Zhang Huizanzan.
二十萬軍重入贛,---Er4 shi2 wan4 jun chong2 ru4 Gan,
風煙滾滾來天半.---Feng yan gun3 gun3 lai2 tian ban4.
喚起工農千百萬,---Huan4 qi3 gong nong2 qian bai3 wan4
同心干,-----------------Tong2 xin gan,
不周山下紅旗亂.---Bu Zhou shan xia4 hong2 qi2 luan4.
Forests blaze red beneath the frosty sky,
The wrath of Heaven's armies soars to the cloud.
Mist veils Longgang, its thousands peaks blurred.
All cry out in unison:
Our van has taken Zhang Huizan!(*1A)
The enemy returns to Jiangxi two hundred thousand strong,
Fumes billowing in the wind in mid-sky.
Workers and peasants are wakened in their million
To fight as one man.
Under the riot of red flags round the foot of Buzhou Mountain.
Mao Tsetung poems,
Foreign Language Press, Peking, 1976
(*1A) 張輝瓚 Zhang Huizan
He was the commander in charge of the Anti-Communist Campaign in Jiangxi
province and was also the commander of the 18th Division of the Kuomintang
Army. During the First "Encirclement " Campaign against the Soviet Chinese
Government he was captured by the Communists who beheaded him and put his
head inside a little wooden box and threw into the Gan River (贛江).
The background of the poem
On the 5th of August 1930, Chiang Kai-shen appointed He Yingqin (何應欽)
the commander-in-chief of the armed forces to suppress for the three provinces
of Hunan (湖南省), Hubei (湖北省) and Jiangxi (江西省).
On the 7th of October, Chiang Kai-shek defeated the two Warlords of Feng
Yuxiang (馮玉祥) and Yan Xishan (閻錫山).
In December 1930, Chiang Kai-shek (蔣介石) launched the first campaign against
the Chinese Soviet Government with a force of more than 100,000 against
the Communists of about 40,000. The commander-in-chief was of these forces
was He Yingqin. The vanguard of the Kuomintang forces of 10,000 was under
the commander of Zhang Huizan (張輝瓚) who was followed by Tan Daoyuan (譚
道源) who was commanding 20,000 men. The rest were commanded by other Kuomintang
With lighting speed Zhang Huizan occupied Longgang (龍岡). It was a trap.
In the first assault Mao Zedong led his forces and attacked Zhan Huizan's
headquarters and captured the entire two brigades of 9,000 men including
Zhang Huizan himself. He was later trial by the peasants and was beheaded.
His head was put inside a little wooden box and threw into the Gan River
On hearing that the Communists had wiped out the entire forces under the
command of Zhang Huizan, Tan Daoyuan withdrew. Mao Zedong would not let
them go away easily. He ordered his forces to chase and attack Tan Daoyuan'
men. They annihilated another 10,000 men. The First "Encirclement" Campaign
was over. The time was January 1931. The Red Army captured an airple and
their first radio set.
Posted to asiawind.com
By CHUNG Yoon-Ngan (鄭永元)