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一個小小的客家村莊叫沙葉

World diaspora of Chinese and their relatives and origin in China.
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一個小小的客家村莊叫沙葉

Postby chungyn » Tue Nov 14, 2017 6:29 pm

一個小小的客家村莊叫沙葉

This Hakka boy called Ah Yuan was born in a little Hakka village called
Sayap. When the Emergency started Ah Yuan was only ten years old. His whole
family was relocated by the British to live in a small Hakka town called Pusing
(布先). The whole village, Sayap, was demolished by the British Colonial
Authorities. Actually the Emergency in Malaya was a war between the British
and the Malayan Communist Party (MCP). The best reference books about the
Emergency are Dr Han Suyin's "....And The Rain My Drink" and the Australian
author Harry Miller's "Menance in Malaya" and the "Jungle War In Malaya".

At the high of the Emergency he (Ah Yuan) was just in a Chinese primary school in Siputeh Overseas Chinese Primary Achool. During
this period his adopted hometown (Pusing) was nicknamed "Little Yanan" (小延安 Yanan which
was Mao Zedong's headquarters from 1936 to 1947) by the British, in SHAAXI Province)

At the start of the Second World War, the Pusing Hakka Laos (客家老) were
the first in Malaya to organize "The Malayan People's Anti-Japanese Army
(M.P.A.J.A. or 馬來亞人民抗日軍 see Shen Mi Lai Te by Guo Ren De 神秘萊特
by 郭仁德 : first book in Chinese about MCP published in 1999). When the
Japanese army were marching down from the north of Malaya the British retreated
to Ipoh. Our Hakka folks from Sayap Village and Pusing went to Ipoh (怡保
) and collected some weapons abandoned by the British. With these weapons
these Hakka Laos established the first Malayan Peoples' Anti-Japnese Army
(MPAJA) base in Malaya. Their base was not in their own hometown but another
little Hakka town called Chemor (朱毛) about 20 kilometers north of Pusing
- please refer to the map below.

http://yn.chung.id.au/KintaDistrict1942.jpg


Ah Yuan's third uncle named Yue Rong (月榮) was not involved with the M.P.A.J.
A., but he was with the British Army. Eventually Yue Rong was retreated
to Singapore with the Britsh (please see the book by
Chung Yoon-Ngan about his family in Malaya) trying to defend Singapore.
After a few weeks attacking Singapore the British decided to surrender to
the Japanese. Before the fall of Singapore seven Australian soldiers decided
to sail to Darwin by a small fishing boat to Sumatra Island. They wanted
Ah Yuan uncle to go with them because his uncle spoke Malay which is same
as Indonesian language. Having arrived in Sumatra from Singapore they walked
across to the east side of Sumatra. None of the Australian soldiers spoke
Indonesian language. They decided to take Yue Rong along with them because
Yue Rong spoke Malay which is a similar language to Indonesian. The eight
of them sailed many days to Sumatra and then walked many days to the east
side of the Sumatra Island. Then they bought a little sampan from the local
fishermen. They sailed to Darwin. They succeeded to land in Darwin, Australia.


While in Darwin Yue Rong had nothing much to do. All he wanted to do was
to go back to Malaya to fight the Japanese. However the whole of Malaya
and Singapore were occupied by the Japanese. He heard that there was an
anti-Japanese British Commando in Ceylon called Force 136. The members of
this organization were the British and the Chinese Malayan. He decided to
join them. So he waited and waited for a merchant ship going to India as
Ceylon was a part of India. Finally there was a merchant ship sailing for
India. He paid the ship Captain for the ship passage and went to India.

From India he went to Ceylon Island. He was allowed to join Force 136 because
his father (Ah Yuan's grandfather) was a gold digger in the end of 19th
and had lived in Australia for 26 years as a gold digger. But Yue Rong was
born and grew up in Malaya. Ah Yuan's grandfather went back to China to
marry his grandmother a Hakka Chinese woman Under the WHITE Australia Policy
his grandfather was not allowed to take his grand mother back to live in
Australia (Two Wongs [two yellows] cannot produce a WHITE baby) that was
the Australian WHITE policy during those time. So Yue Rong's father went
to Malaya to dig for tin-ore. That was how Yue Rong was born and grew up
and educated in Malaya. With this background Yue Yong was allowed to join
Force 136 (see The Jungle is Neutral by Colonel F. Spencer Chapman).

After a few years training in jungle warfare, in 1944, with two British
Officers Yue Rong parachuted back to Malaya to the vicinity of a town called
Kampar (please see the map as above). Their mission was to train the M.P.A.J.
A how to destroy the communication in Malaya before the invasion of the
British under the command of Admiral Earl Mountbatten. The British wanted
to reconquer Malaya from the Japanese

When they landed they could not contact the M.P.A.J.A. because the
guerillas knew that someone had informed the Japanese authority about
their dropping. Due to this advance information the M.P.A.J.A. were not
in the dropping zone to meet them. The M.P.A.J.A. had no ways to contact
the Force 136 headquarters in Ceylon. Yue Rong and the British officers
tried to trek to Pusing, about 45 kilometers west of Kampar area. They were
being pursued by the Japanese soldiers and eventually they were captured
near Gopeng about 10 kilometers east of Pusing. The two British officers
were treated as prisoners of war and sent to Changi Prison in Siangapore.
Yue Rong was treated as a traitor to his country. The Japanese announced
the date of the publicly execution of Yue Rong. Yue Rong's eldest brother
went to see the execution which was held in the market place in Kampar.
No one told Ah Yuan's fate to his poor grandmother.

When the war was over Ah Yuan's grandma was very happy because she thought
that her son could be home at any time. When she saw the M.P.A.J.A. guerillas
marching down from the hills she told people that it would take sometime
for her son to come home from Ceylon with the British. Poor grandma only
discovered that her son had died when a British officer came to the house
and gave her a British flag with a cheque of few hundred dollars. She did
not receive the compensation personally from the British Officer because
she fainted on hearing the death of her youngest son death.


When the emergency started Ah Yuan's eldest brother called Yong Long was
in the Malayan People's Anti-British Army (M.P.A.B.A 馬來亞人民抗英軍).
Ah Yuan's father managed to convince Yong Long to go back to China to
fight for Mao Zedong to liberate China. Yong Long agreed and went to China.
However, when he arrived in China the Chinese civil war was over. He studied
for a few years and he volunteered to fight in Korea. He survived the Korean
War and became a government official in charge of the forest in Hui Lai
county in Guangdong province. He stayed and worked there until he died of
old age. He had five children and occasionally one of them would visit
their father's birth place.

One day, in 1953, a young friend of Ah Yuan's family friend told his father
that his third son called Yuan Sheng (元勝), who was studying in Chung Ling
High School, Penang, was among a group of students who were on their way
going back to China. The students were leaving by train. Immediately Ah
Yuan's second uncle rush to Batu Gajah, about four kilometers from Pusing,
railway station to meet his third nephew. But the train already passed Batu
Gajah. So his second uncle drove to Kampar hoping he could catch up with
the train which carried the students. Indeed he caught up with the train
when he arrived in Kampar. He talked to Yuan Sheng in the train and had
convinced him to come home to say farewell to all the relatives before he
left. None of the family member tried to stop him from going back to China.

The night before Yuan Sheng departure for China Ah Yuan's father
congregated all the members of the family including members from Ah Yuan
uncle's family in the shophouse. His father told them the history of their
family. Ah Yuan remembered every one cried when his father told them the
history of his parents, how they struggled bringing bring up their children.
That night everyone cried to sleep.

The next morning Yuan Sheng decided not to go back to China and he
promised that he would followed his father and became a tin-miner.

At the end of the Emergency (the Emergency ended in 1960) Ah Yuan was a
member of the Min Yuen (民運), a unit which feed, clothed and gave information
to the M.P.A.B.A. During those time the Pusing Hakka Laos were the sympathizers
of the M.P.A.B.A.. When the Emergency ended Ah Yuan had finished his high
school education and his father told him not to go to work but work in the
mine and learning how to become a tin miner. However, his father was disappointed
with him. Occasionally his father wanted to show him how to do such things
in the mine. Ah Yuan was no where to be found because he was sitting under
a tree reading his books. His father was angry and asked him if he wanted
to become a tin miner to follow him to learn. But Ah Yuan said that he was
not interested and told his father that he wanted to study and to become
a writer. Now his father knew the true. So his father decided to send him
to Australia to study, after all his father still had two more sons following
him to become tin miners.
-------------------------------------------------------------

From my long time of researching from the Western Australia ,I found the old photos
of the air drops (at night) by the British air drops sorties to the many Malayan People's
Anti - Japapnese military camps. Droped them new weapons an d provision. My third uncle
was the unfortunate one who was captured by the Japanese and executed in the public market
in Kampare 32 miles from my villahe. My father went there to watch the execution (broken hearted)

http://yn.chung.id.au/2017-12-09-01.jpg

布先客家老
(鄭永元)
chungyn
 
Posts: 8423
Joined: Sat Oct 05, 2013 12:06 am

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