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The 32nd most common Chinese surname is ZENG (曾)

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The 32nd most common Chinese surname is ZENG (曾)

Postby chungyn » Thu Nov 26, 2015 9:04 pm

孔子曰: Confucius said:

三人行, 必有我師焉!---San ren2 xing2, bi4 you3 wo3 shi yan!
擇其善者而從之;--------Ze2 qi2 shan4 zhe3 er2 cong2 zhi;
其不善者而改之.--------Qi2 bu4 shan4 zhe3 er2 gai zhi.

There are three people walking, including me,
and two others who could be one wise and the other not so wise.
I follow the wise one and also use the wisdom of the wise one to correct
the one who is not so wise. Thus the two will become my teacher.

三個人在一起走路, 其中便一定有可以做我師範的地方.
選擇他們的好處跟他學; 那不好的地方, 如果我自問也有, 就改掉.

The 32nd most common Chinese surname is ZENG (曾)

Zeng means: has already been; great-grand (father or child).
The surname Zeng is about 2,500 years old.
The ancient character of present Zeng was Ceng (鄫).

The surname Zeng originated in an area referred to during the Jin Dynasty
(晉朝 265AD to 420AD) as the Lu prefecture (魯郡). The present day location
of Lu prefecture is in Qufu county (曲阜縣 117.0 degree East and 35.6 degree
North, on the world map) in Shandong province (山東省).

In 2118BC, Xia King Shaokang (夏少康王) became the 6th King of the Xia Dynasty
(夏朝 2205BC to 1766BC); Si (姒) was the family surname of all the 16 rulers
during the Xia Dynasty. Xia King Shaokang gave his youngest son, Si Qulie
(似曲烈), authority to rule the Ceng (鄫) district, located in the present
day county of Linyi county (臨沂縣) in Shandong province). Si Qulie then
became known as Si Ceng (姒鄫). The district of Ceng was eventually became
a state, the State of Ceng (鄫國). The people of Ceng lived peacefully for
more than 1500 years.

In 641BC, during the period of Spring and Autumn (春秋時間 722BC to 481BC)
of the Zhou Dynasty (周朝 1134BC to 256BC) that the leader of Ceng, while
on his way for an official visit to the State of Cao (曹國 the present day
county of Dingtao 定陶縣 in Shandong province), was imprisoned by Zi Zifu
(子茲甫), the 19th ruler of the State of Song (宋國 the present day city
of Shangqiu 商丘市 in Henan province 河南省). Zi Zifu killed the ruler of
Ceng and used his blood as sacrifice to the River God in Suishui (睢水)
River in Henan province. Historical records are unclear as to the reasons
behind the killing.

Fifty years later, again in 591BC, another ruler of the State of Ceng was
murdered, this time by the ruler of the State of Zhu (邾國 the present day
county of Qiu 丘縣 in Shandong province). Due to the unexplained reasons
behind the Cao incident and also the reasons behind this murder in the State
of Zhu, there was a struggle for the power among the royal members of the
Ceng Court.

The dispute continued for twenty five years and during this period Ceng
was without a ruler. In 567BC, a neighbouring State called Ju (莒國 in the
present day county of Ju in Shandong province, took advantage of Ceng's
instability and annexed Ceng.

Wu (巫), the Crown Prince of Ceng, fled to the State of Lu (魯國 in the
present day county of Qufu in Shandong province). In remembrance of his
extinct State he adopted ZENG (曾) as his surname which was written without
the radical big ear on the right. Arguing that since Ceng (鄫) was conquered
and annexed by the State of Ju his surname should be written without the
radical big ear on the right (i.e. Yi 邑) which means city). Ultimately the
word Zeng was written like this 曾.

The couplet for surname Zeng is,

源起鄫國,---Yuan qi3 Ceng Guo,
望出魯郡.---Wang4 chu Lu Jun.

The source of surname Zeng was the State of Ceng,
And it originated from the prefecture of Lu.

The prominent persons produced by the Zeng Clan:

(1) Zeng San (曾參)

治其國,------Zhi4 qi2 guo2,
平其天下,---Ping2 qi2 tian xia4,
學業貫通.---Xue2 ye4 guan4 tong.

To administer a country,
To redress the grievances of the people,
One must be a well leaned man.

Zeng San was born in Wucheng (武成) in the present day Shangdong province
(山東省) during the Spring and Autumn Period (春秋時代 722BC to 481BC).
He was a pupil of Confucius, the Great scholar and philosopher. Zeng San
studied diligently when he was young. He was a well known piety filial.
His famous book was Xiao Jing (孝經).

It was believed that the Classic entitled 大學 (Da Xue) The Great Learning,
one of the 四書 (Si Shu), The Four Books, was written by Zeng San.

(2) 曾朴 (Zeng Pu)

Zeng Pu was from Changre county (常熱縣) in Jiangsu province (江蘇省). He
wrote a book called 孽海花 (Nie Hai Hua) which was very popular during the
Qing Dynasty (清朝 1644AD to 1912AD). His famous couplet was,

三千上客紛紛至,---San qian shang4 ke4 fen fen zhi4,
百萬財源滾滾來.---Bai3 wan4 cai2 yuan2 gun3 gun3 lai2.

Being frequented by three thousand of customers,
Millions of dollars rolling in

(3) 曾鞏 (Zeng Gong 1019AD to 1083AD)

Zeng Gong was from the county of Nanfeng (南豐縣) in Jiangxi province (江
西省). He passed the Imperial Examinations and became a Jin Shi (進士 or
the Imperial Graduate) during the reign of Emperor Ren Zong Zhao Zhen (仁
宗皇帝趙禎 1023AD to 1083AD) of Song Dynasty (宋朝 960AD to 1279AD). He
was appointed as an official. At that time, he was one of the most popular
poets and his essays were considered to be one of the best. His book called
"Yuan Feng Lei Gao 元豐類稿) was very popular. He was commissioned to establish
a library where many books were kept.

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